Solid And Liquid Waste Management
WASH can have serious health effects if ignored. As a fast-growing economy, India is lagging behind in the WASH indicators. Sewage problems are critical in a country the size of more than 1.2 billion. The Solid & Liquid Waste Management (SLWM) element is part. SWM is scientific waste management, which involves waste collection, transportation, treatment, recycling, cleaning, and disposal.
Rural areas should follow these simple SLWM rules. Because of this, districts may put their full energy into programmes like SLWM.
What Exactly Is “Waste,” Anyway?
When something is no longer useful and must be thrown away, it is considered waste. Both solid and liquid amounts are available.
In rural areas, household and garden garbage, as well as cow shed and agricultural waste, as well as metal, paper, glass, textile, and other materials, all contribute to the solid waste stream. Non-economic waste is generated by individuals, businesses, and organisations of all sizes. Organic waste from rural households is often harmless. There is no harm done to rural communities by using recycled materials like composted garbage.
Wastewater that has been used once but is no longer fit for human or animal consumption is known as untreated wastewater. Industrial trash and household waste are two different types of waste.
Industrial wastewater treatment is complicated by the large number of steps involved.
Residential, commercial, hotel, and educational facilities all produce domestic wastewater.
Guidelines For The Treatment Of Both Solid And Liquid Wastes
The sustainability of SLWM initiatives depends on the involvement of the local community and grassroots ownership.
The IEC should push SLWM as a long-term solution to the problem. The design of waste disposal facilities that have a direct impact on humans is essential. Physicians should be pushed to demand a structure they can run & maintain.
Campaigns to raise awareness and educate the general population should focus on panchayat officials, elected officials, schools, community-based nongovernmental organisations (NGOs), businesses, and families.
State governments would support the GP staff in the implementation of SLWM systems, as well as in operating and maintaining them. Perhaps construction projects should be overseen by GPs and communities, with input from third parties. Each SLWM system has a specific owner, and that owner must be recognised and held accountable. Long-term SLWM initiatives necessitate the cooperation of the community and use costs that are within reach.
SLWM should provide coverage for every doctor’s office in the country. Each GP’s SLWM initiatives should be included in the district’s AIP (AIP). Approval from the State Scheme Sanctioning Committee is required. The Local Hygiene and Sewerage Committee must approve all SLWM projects (DWSC). Each state must have at least 1 SLWM consultant just at state level one and SLWM expert in each District Hygiene and Sewerage Mission (DWSM) Or DWSC office.
- The choice of technology
- The relationship between housing and the surrounding environment.
- Consideration is also given to the geology & soil structure of the community.
- Water supply sources and trends.
- Villagers enjoy access to the communal areas of their community.
- In terms of finances and resources.