Water is a valuable resource. Nobody would survive without it. Humans can go weeks without food, but only 3 – 4 days without water.
While we all know that water is essential for our health, well-being, and survival, our water supplies are becoming increasingly polluted. Why is this? The explanation is that most water pollution is caused by human actions. This implies that every daily decision we make can either benefit our world and consequently our water resources or do great harm.
It is our job and responsibility to assist cure our planet’s water supply so and we as a species can regenerate our own health and very well.
What Is Surface Water Contamination ?
Surface water contamination occurs in oceans, streams, lakes, and rivers. Polluted rainwater runoff pollutes these waters and contaminates surrounding water supplies. Runoff from farms and lawn care, as well as salts & chemicals from municipal and highway roadways, are major sources of water contamination. Surface water can be contaminated by sewage leaks and animal faeces. These pollutants are exceedingly toxic and can even be fatal to human ingestion due to bacteria and waterborne diseases. Drinking unfiltered contaminated water can cause health issues like giardia, typhoid, and hepatitis. Swimming in dirty waters can cause health difficulties because the water easily enters the mouth, skin, and eyes.
Nutrient contamination is caused by nutrients & fertilisers. This sort of water pollution occurs when more nutrients, especially nitrates and phosphates, are absorbed into streams, causing an algae bloom. The overpopulation of plants and algae caused by excess nutrients covers the water surface, preventing sunlight from reaching those plants underwater. As a reason, less oxygen is created, harming oxygen-dependent organisms like fish.
As you will see in next section, surface water pollution has several effects. To alleviate or avoid the global epidemic of water contamination, we must learn to contribute to the improvement of the entire globe.
Effects Of Polluted Surface Water
As previously said, surface water contamination harms not only people but all living species. Water-dependent plants and animals deteriorate and possibly perish when freshwater supplies are polluted. As a consequence, our food supply becomes depleted, and we humans begin to suffer. Thus, our health deteriorates.
Furthermore, despite best attempts to decontaminate water, extremely polluted water supplies have limited chance of recovery. Because no decontamination procedure can totally eliminate all chemicals and toxins from water, we end up drinking unclean and polluted water. Again, contaminated water affects our health. Even more alarming is the reality that 2.1 billion people lack access to adequate, clean water. As water quality deteriorates, more people will face the health implications of drinking hazardous water.
But before you assume that surface water contamination solely impacts low-income or third-world countries’ health, consider again. Despite having one of the world’s healthiest drinking water systems, an estimate 4-32 million Americans suffer from diseases caused by filthy water. As a result, it is critical that we all do our share to better protect our planet and hence our water resources in order to live longer & healthier lives in the future.
What Can You Do To Help?
Humans must make more deliberate decisions to create a healthy world and river system. To combat surface water contamination, we all need to make modest daily actions that have a big impact. One method to achieve this would be to clean it up your rubbish and recycle wherever possible. Cleaning up other rubbish you find, if it is safe, can also considerably improve the earth.
Using reusable aluminium water bottles instead of plastic water bottles also helps prevent surface water pollution. Plastic bottles are some of the worst polluters of waterways because they are not recycled and wind up in freshwater where they take centuries to disintegrate. Using aluminium water bottles that easily degrade and are recycled & reused is a terrific approach to help our environment.
If you want to help our world and consequently our freshwater sources, switch from plastic to aluminium water bottles today. Your body will appreciate you for giving it the cleanest, clearest water on the earth.